Blue Mountain (Jamaica Blue Mountain) is a Typica mutation originally found and cultivated in Jamaica’s Blue Mountains. Over time people began naming it after its place of origin: Blue Mountain.
Blue Mountain is now widely cultivated on Kona Island in Hawaii, where it is known by the name ‘Guatemala’. Genetically these two are undistinguishable. Beginning in 1913, it was also introduced in West Kenya, though it was never successfully planted in other parts of Kenya. It was the first coffee cultivar introduced to Papua New Guinea.
Blue Mountain is resistant to coffee berry disease and, like Typica, capable of growing to great heights. Nevertheless, it is not capable of acclimatizing to all climate conditions and tends to retain its taste qualities irrespective of location.